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Coronavirus SOAP vs. SANITIZER

Sanitize or Wash Your Hands…. Is the Question????
While America is in a frenzy, running to every store and searching every website for sanitizer, antibacterial wipes, antibacterial spray, and any form of antibacterial cleaning solution….not to mention now the consumer is wiping out the meat departments, dairy, etc. freezing everything they can in case we are quarantined to our own homes for months.
I am not opposed to taking precautions however does one truly know the best way to protect themselves? How many people are actually reading and researching how you get the virus, who it effects the most, how does it survive, what breaks the virus down, etc.
In my research I found this article to be consistent with the majority of articles and information I was able to find.
There are two measures we know of that effectively prevent the spread of the outbreak while the world waits on a vaccine: Quarantine/social isolation, and cleaning your hands. But what’s the best — if not only surefire way — to get that right?
Washing them with soap and water.
Not hand sanitizer.
Not just water.
It’s soap and water.
This might seem obvious, but it turns out there’s a truly fascinating bit of science involved in the way viruses cling to our skin. Once you learn just how weaponized you are with water and a little bit of soap, there’s no turning back. Also, it’ll make you realize that panic–buying hand sanitizer is slightly absurd — when all you need is water (and a little bit of soap).
Your skin is COVID-19’s favorite surface, basically:
For how long does the virus stay active? It depends. The SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus is thought to stay active on favourable surfaces for hours, possibly a day. Moisture (“dissolves”), sun light (UV light) and heat (molecular motions) all make the virus less stable.
The skin is an ideal surface for a virus! It is “organic” and the proteins and fatty acids in the dead cells on the surface interact with the virus through both hydrogen bonds and the “fat-like” hydrophilic interactions.

So when you touch say a steel surface with a virus particle on it, it will stick to your skin and hence get transferred onto your hands. But you are not (yet) infected. If you touch your face though, the virus can get transferred from your hands and on to your face.
And now the virus is dangerously close to the airways and the mucus type membranes in and around your mouth and eyes. So the virus can get in…and voila! You are infected (that is, unless your immune system kills the virus).
If the virus is on your hands you can pass it on by shaking someone’s else hand. Kisses, well, that’s pretty obvious…It comes without saying that if someone sneezes right in your face you are kind of stuffed.

So how often do you touch your face? It turns out most people touch the face once every 2-5 minutes! Yeah, so you at high risk once the virus gets on your hands unless you can wash the active virus off.
So let’s try washing it off with plain water. It might just work. But water “only” competes with the strong “glue-like” interactions between the skin and virus via hydrogen bonds. They virus is quite sticky and may not budge. Water isn’t enough.
Soapy water is totally different. Soap contains fat-like substances knowns as amphiphiles, some structurally very similar to the lipids in the virus membrane. The soap molecules “compete” with the lipids in the virus membrane.

The soap molecules also compete with a lot other non-covalent bonds that help the proteins, RNA and the lipids to stick together. The soap is effectively “dissolving” the glue that holds the virus together. Add to that all the water.
The soap also outcompetes the interactions between the virus and the skin surface. Soon the viruses get detached and fall a part like a house of cards due to the combined action of the soap and water. The virus is gone!
The skin is quite rough and wrinkly which is why you do need a fair amount of rubbing and soaking to ensure the soap reaches very crook and nanny on the skin surface that could be hiding active viruses.
Alcohol based products, which pretty includes all “disinfectants” and “antibacterial” products contain a high-% alcohol solution, typically 60-80% ethanol, sometimes with a bit of isopropanol as well and then water + a bit of a soap.
Nearly all antibacterial products contain alcohol and some soap and this does help killing viruses. But some also include “active” bacterial killing agents, like triclosan. Those, however, do basically nothing to the virus!
To sum up, viruses are almost like little grease-nanoparticles. They can stay active for many hours on surfaces and then get picked up by touch. They then get to our face and infect us because most of us touch the face quite frequently.
And finally, the conclusion, et voila: Soap. And. Water.
Water is not very effective alone in washing the virus off our hands. Alcohol based product work better.

But nothing beats “SOAP” – the virus detaches from the skin and falls apart very readily in soapy water.

Styles of Permanent Eyebrows

It can be slightly overwhelming when you have decided to venture out into the permanent makeup world of “Eyebrows”. There are so many terms for different styles and many of them are the same.

Some examples of terms; Shaded Eyebrows, Ombre Eyebrows, Stardust Eyebrows, Hair Stroke Eyebrows, Powdered Eyebrows, and Feathered Eyebrows to name a few.

First you need to know what you are wanting to achieve with your eyebrows. I feel its always best to look at how you currently do your eyebrows and take a picture of them. Next I would find a photo of your favorite eyebrows. Whether it’s someone you know or a picture you have seen. If the way you do your eyebrows are different than the photo of your dream eyebrows I would try to achieve that look either on your own or have someone help to draw them in. Live with the look for a week or so. So often clients want something new, fashionable, or trendy only to discover they don’t truly like the look on themselves. I have found that older clients typically are not happy with a drastic change, whereas the younger generation love the trends. But with that said you need to be careful because trends change and even though pigment fades it never leaves entirely.

So now you need to know what each of the names actually are and visually see them.

Hair Strokes-These are very fine lines that are created to give you a natural hair look. These are to be very fine thin lines the feather off at the end. Hair Strokes should NEVER be strong, bold lines that start and end abruptly. These work well for someone with little to no hair.

Shading-Shading is filling in the entire mapped eyebrow area to give you a filled in pencil look. There are several shading techniques which we will discuss below. Typically the tail will always be a little darker. Excellent choice for someone who has hairs but wants that finished look and does not want to have to shape and pencil them daily.

Feathering-This is a combination eyebrow consisting of Shading and Hair Strokes leaving you with a natural look that has added penciling. As if you did your eyebrows normally.

Ombre-This is where the brow will go from dark to light starting at the tail. The bottom of the brow is typically shaded dark and gradually gets lighter towards the top of the brow. This is a very trendy brow.

Stardust or Powdered-This is similar to the shaded brow however this technique tends to be lighter across the entire brow. This would be for someone that wants the brow filled in but very lightly. 

Manual Microblading vs. Permanent Makeup

Manual Microblading is a technique where needles are drug across the skin, creating a fine cut where pigment can be placed in the skin. When this cut heals, if done correctly, it creates a thin, crisp line that mimics the natural look and texture of hair. Due to the nature of pigment insertion, a lot of pigment cannot be forced into the skin, leading to a shorter lifespan than more traditional tattooing methods. On average, 6–18 months.
 Permanent Makeup this is similar to tattooing methods involving the insertion of a needle or needles into the skin in a tapping motion. This is done by a machine. This movement forces a lot of pigment into the skin, causing the pigment to last longer. On average, 1-3 years.
People wanting “Hair Strokes” need to understand that this can be achieved by either method however it is imperative that the artist educate you on the different outcomes and whether you are a candidate. For example; If you are an older person that has experienced your skin thinning then you are not a good candidate for Microblading. You would be a better candidate for Permanent Makeup. You also need to understand no matter how clean your Hair Strokes are they will eventually blur.
Will you need touch-ups. The answer is yes, however there is no exact number of touch ups that can be determined because the life of your permanent makeup takes into account many factors. Such as, how active you are in the outside elements, your skin type, the amount you sweat, products you use, the pigment that was used, the machine that was used, and the depth of the pigment placement.
How long should I wait between touch-ups? It is recommended that you wait 4-6 weeks between permanent makeup touch-ups. Is there a limit to how many touch-ups I can have? There is no limit however you have to be aware that with any permanent makeup tattooing procedure there are risk. Oversaturation of pigment, applying a different color over old pigment can cause an unwanted color, too deep in the skin can cause scarring are among a some of the risk.
First and foremost, a skilled technician will let you know if your skin even allows for some of these techniques to be an option. Very thin, easy-to-tear, or brittle skin, for example, will not be able to heal well from the trauma of manual microblading. This results in a complete fading of the tattoo at best or unsightly blotching or smudging of the tattoo with possible scarring at worst.
Someone who likes dark, full brows, and fills them in everyday, probably won’t be satisfied by microblading. Even once the area heals, they may find themselves using their make-up over perfectly shaped brows, just because they are not full enough. Manual Microblading will not create a completely filled look; it will add hairs and shape, but not fill.
If you are looking to create a full look you are better off having shading done with the digital machine and could have the artist add in some Hair Strokes.